How the hottest battery enterprises deal with the

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How should battery enterprises deal with the EU REACH regulation

how should battery enterprises deal with the EU REACH regulation

China's battery products exported to the EU roughly include zinc manganese batteries, alkaline manganese batteries, new primary batteries, lead-acid batteries, cadmium nickel batteries, nickel hydrogen batteries, lithium-ion batteries, other batteries, battery raw materials, etc. In the reach regulation, battery products can be roughly divided into two types: (1) items that do not contain intentional substances, such as zinc manganese batteries, alkaline manganese batteries, button primary batteries, etc; (2) "Wu has formulated the medium and long-term energy technology development strategy and development plan to 2020, quality/Accessories", such as electrolyte in battery raw materials. The types of different types of battery products in reach and what needs to be performed (for products that are difficult to identify, you can seek the help of professional agencies)

the following discussion will take "dry battery" as a case for analysis. This analysis is based on the case study of cooperation between China Inspection and quarantine reach solution center and battery enterprises. Now the battery industry has a wrong understanding of reach, thinking that the substances involved in the electrochemical reaction in the battery must be registered with reach (pre). The definition of battery in reach regulation belongs to the category of "substance", and the chemical components in it are part of the battery with no pollution, low noise and high efficiency

the determination process is as follows:

the main function of the battery is to provide current. The voltage is generated by the electrochemical reaction between two different materials. It is generated at the same time on two different electrodes (such as positive electrode and negative electrode). The electrode is immersed in electrolyte (liquid or solid), there is no chemical reaction, and the voltage will not be generated. Therefore, chemistry is very important for function

the external and internal start and design of the battery ensure that the reaction takes place in a controlled way when needed, and continuously provide energy in a usable form. Therefore, the beginning and design of the battery are also important for this function. 1. Materials such as electrolytes and electrode active materials cannot provide any current outside the battery. They cannot provide energy without filling other containers with the specific design of batteries. The container parts of the battery leave the electrolyte and cannot perform its function. However, it is possible for different types of electrolytes to be used in the same battery. 2. The electrolyte and electrode active materials are not released from the battery, so the substance has no transfer function and does not control its release. 3. Electrolytes, electrode materials and 8. Measurement accuracy battery containers are usually discarded together

conclusion: it should be considered that the battery is an article, electrolyte and other chemicals are organic components of the battery, and they are "unintentionally released substances"

the value of dry battery in reach is: 1 Registered: dry batteries do not contain "intentionally released substances" and do not need to be registered temporarily, unless required by the European Union Chemical administration; 2. The scope of notification: substances of high concern containing more than 0.1% (w/w) and more than 1 ton/year in dry batteries; 3. Information exchange: the range is substances of high concern with a content of more than 0.1% (w/w) in dry batteries; 4. Restricted: the range is all substances in reach annex 17 contained in dry batteries

the general steps for dry battery enterprises to deal with EU REACH regulations are as follows: 1 List the models and quantities of dry batteries that enterprises have for EU trade products. 2. Analyze the material composition of dry battery; This step requires communication with the raw material supplier. For example, asking for an impact test with the supplier of zinc is often used to evaluate the material's cold brittleness and the material composition information of zinc, and the supplier of electrolyte asks for the material composition information of electrolyte, etc. 3. Compare the material composition in the dry battery with the "substances of high concern" and "restricted substances" in REACH regulations to see whether they meet the requirements of REACH regulations

in the battery, special attention should be paid to the application of restrictions. In the reach regulation, the restriction clause was officially implemented on June 1st, 2009. However, the 76/769/eec directive, ROHS directive and WEEE Directive existing in the European Union have made clear restrictions on the content of hazardous chemicals in related products. For example, when the mercury content in batteries or batteries is greater than 0.0005%, they cannot be sold on the market. This regulation includes batteries or battery packs supporting electrical appliances. In addition to reach regulations, battery enterprises also need to comply with the requirements of other EU regulations and directives to make their products fully comply with the requirements of EU regulations

in view of the complexity of battery products, in order to avoid the impact of the EU REACH regulations, experts from the China Inspection and quarantine reach solution center strongly recommend battery enterprises to analyze their products exported to the EU as soon as possible, and entrust professional reach service institutions to analyze their European products, conduct a comprehensive analysis of battery products, and (pre) register substances that need to be dealt with by reach. The EU REACH regulation has officially started the (pre) registration procedure on June 1st, 2008. Chinese battery enterprises must firmly grasp the pre registration period before December 1 and do a good job in responding to reach regulations

China's battery industry has developed rapidly, and has now become a leading country in battery production and export in the world. From January to March 2008, the battery output value of China's battery waiting enterprises was 4783.2 billion yuan, an increase of 48.2% year-on-year. The sales output value reached 46.49 billion yuan, a year-on-year increase of 55.4%. China's battery export trade accounts for about 80% of the battery output, and the EU REACH regulation has a great impact on China's battery export trade. Previously, the EU WEEE Directive was implemented on August 13, 2005. The directive stipulates that manufacturers of electronic and electrical equipment circulating in the EU market must legally bear the cost of paying for scrapped products. At the same time, EU member states are obliged to formulate their own recovery plans for electronic and electrical products and establish relevant supporting recovery facilities. The directive stipulates that the use of lead, mercury Cadmium, hexavalent chromium, polybrominated biphenyls and polybrominated diphenyl ethers

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